Parenting or child rearing involves the many facets of child rearing and does not solely entail a biological connection. It is also a process that encompasses one’s beliefs, behaviors, and emotions regarding the child as well as any educational or lifestyle choices that one makes with regard to the child. These facets include values, guidance, and teaching as well as behavior modification and implementation.
As defined by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, there are five common traits related to parenting styles. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry lists these as controlling, responsive, accessible, cooperative, and involved. The top characteristics from the list are more likely to be found in a specific parenting style rather than a combination of all of them. In addition to these traits, some parenting styles are more sensitive to their target’s needs and requirements. These include demandingness and assertive.
According to The Future of Children’s Education, a new study reveals that this trait, which was known as the predicting parent, may actually be considered a poor parenting style. This research found that the using this parenting style was linked to low self-esteem, less healthy family environments, low parental engagement and poor educational outcomes for kids. The Future of Children’s Education recommends that this personality trait is removed from the list of parenting styles because it doesn’t inspire change. This list includes elements such as authoritative, and permissive.
On the other hand, there are common traits included in this parenting style that can help improve these negative behaviors. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry notes that this trait involves providing children with opportunities to explore their imaginations and learn from their mistakes. Authoritative parents encourage education and demand compliance from children. They also do not allow tantrums or disobedience. However, these are common traits of authoritative parents.
On the other hand, permissive parents fail to establish control over their children. This style of parenting is also linked to low self-esteem, negative consequences, and lower educational outcomes for kids. As defined by The Future of Children’s Education, a major research report, this parenting style can lead to increased child defiance, frequent conflict and involvement with criminal activity. In addition, when parents of permissive parents fail to set firm rules, children are more likely to engage in risky behaviors. For example, if children are allowed to smoke cigarettes during play, they will be more likely to do so.
Although all three parenting styles can work effectively, children need to find one that works best for them. Fortunately, there are many different styles of effective parenting, which range from strict to flexible, permissive to independent, and all the way to eclectic. No matter what type of parent you are, be sure to find one that suits your child and your family. Parenting is an enormous undertaking and it takes effort to effectively raise kids. It is worth it though, as children who grow up to be well-behaved, happy, and dedicated members of society are more likely to perform well in school and later life.